Cyber Security in Highly Regulated Sectors



In the modern, digital age, where information and data are more critical to organisations than ever, the importance of cyber security cannot be overstated. Cyber threats have become a daily concern for businesses, governments, and individuals alike with the global average cost of a data breach in 2023 sat at $4.45 million.

To safeguard sensitive information every organisation, especially those in highly regulated sectors such as defence industries and government departments, must have a well-defined and comprehensive cyber strategy. The significance and importance of cyber security will only continue to grow, and a concrete strategy will be inescapable to protect classified information and maintain trust. Here we explore some key factors that may be vulnerable to cyber threats and that all organisations should focus on.

Protecting Sensitive Data

One of the primary reasons for having a robust cyber strategy is to protect sensitive data. Organisations in highly regulated sectors often deal with classified information, national security data, or proprietary technology. For example, defence industries must safeguard military secrets and advanced technology, while the nuclear energy industry holds vast amounts of sensitive information, from operational and critical infrastructure data to confidential research.

A cyber breach can lead to data theft causing severe damage to an organisation’s reputation, finances and even implicate national security. Robust cyber security, resilience and risk management are essential to maintain trust by reducing the likelihood of data breaches and their associated damage, guard against potential threats and ensure security interests are upheld.

Ensuring Business Continuity

For government departments and defence organisations, cyber-attacks can have even graver consequences. The interruption of operations in these sectors could compromise national defence and security. A well-planned cyber strategy is essential to ensure business continuity by mitigating the impact of cyber incidents, allowing these sectors to continue their critical operations even in the face of an attack. This is particularly true of UK critical national infrastructure and the nuclear industry where the cyber threat can extend beyond information technology into operational technology deployed in safety related systems and instrumentation.

Regulatory Compliance

Highly regulated sectors, government departments and defence industries are at the forefront of enforcing data protection laws and are subject to stringent regulations – compliance is unquestionably a cornerstone of operational frameworks, a critical component of safeguarding security and sensitive data.

Regulations in these sectors are then designed with a thorough understanding of the unique risks and threats faced. What’s more, these risks will continue to evolve, fuelled by advancements in technology. Compliance measures serve as a proactive strategy to mitigate these risks. Non-compliance can result in not just fines and legal repercussions, but also a threat to national security. A well-implemented cyber strategy is vital for ensuring that these sectors adhere to all relevant regulations, protecting them from legal troubles and security breaches.

Security First – Staying Ahead of Evolving Threats

In highly regulated sectors, cyber threats are not just business risks; they can be matters of national importance. Cyber adversaries are becoming increasingly sophisticated, and defence organisations are prime targets. A well-structured cyber strategy includes regular assessments and updates to stay ahead of these threats, using the latest tools and technologies to protect against emerging risks, ensuring national defence readiness.

Building upon this strategy, one that is often more reactive than pro-active, the recently launched UK Government initiative, ‘Secure by Design’ outlines and delivers a new approach to cyber security and requires security and resilience to be built in from the outset of a program. This fundamental shift demands a security first mindset and ensures risk management is a continual process thus helping to mitigate evolving threats by its very function.

Cyber security is not a one-time task but an ongoing concern. A comprehensive cyber strategy focuses on long-term sustainability and adaption to new threats and challenges over time.

Securing the Supply Chain

In defence industries and government departments, supply chain security is a significant concern. Weaknesses in the supply chain can be exploited by cybercriminals or foreign governments with malicious intent to harvest critical and sensitive data.

In one notable breach last year, a British security fencing systems maker found themselves subject to a serious ransomware attack that potentially led to the compromise of data related to UK military and intelligence sites. This example illustrates the importance of a comprehensive cyber strategy ensuring vulnerabilities are minimised across the board, safeguarding critical assets and data.

Logiq’s DISX platform was designed with defence and its supply chain in mind – protecting valuable data and securing communications into the MOD, helping to negate such incidents.

Training and Awareness

In these highly regulated sectors, employees often have access to classified or sensitive information. They are not only the first line of defence but also potential targets. A robust cyber strategy includes training and awareness programs to educate employees about cyber security best practices, reducing the likelihood of insider threats or social engineering attacks. Organisations including the National Cyber Security Centre (NCSC) and the South West Cyber Resilience Centre (SWCRC) exist to provide comprehensive advice and guidance through promoting the need for all businesses to adopt and deploy a cyber strategy and in the first instance, simply how to get started.

The importance of cyber security is of paramount importance for every organisation. However, for highly regulated sectors like defence industries and government, the stakes are even higher, encompassing not just financial and reputational risks but national security concerns. Without a robust cyber strategy, these sectors are vulnerable to a wide range of cyber threats that can have devastating consequences. Working with a cyber security consultancy like Logiq can ensure the safeguarding of your most valuable data. Our clients are amongst the most demanding in the World and have some of the most stringent and complex security needs.

Get in touch if we can help your organisation kickstart your own unique cyber security journey.